|In contrast, performers who employ a historically based instrument either a restored old piano or a modern instrument built on historical principles are more able to follow Beethoven's direction literally||Schwarz, New Grove 1980 , 17:270|
|Kosz, notes for Naxos 8||by on Beethoven's piano sonata Op|
Thayer, in his Life of Beethoven, states that the work Beethoven originally intended to dedicate to Guicciardi was the , but circumstances required that this be dedicated to Countess Lichnowsky.
|Princeton: Princeton University Press published 1967||, Indiana University School of Music• Weitzman, notes for Chandos 9463, 5|
|This is seen, for instance, in the editorially supplied pedal marks in the of the sonata||Pushkin in Russia's Silver Age: M|
Even today, two hundred years later, its ferocity is astonishing.11
|Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 208-269• Bonds, New Grove 2001 , 24:837||Beethoven's Piano Sonatas: A Short Companion|
|Gershenzon, Pushkinist Studies in Russian Literature and Theory , Northwestern University Press, 1996• which succeeding movements could supplement but not change||Names [ ] The first edition of the score is headed Sonata quasi una fantasia, a title this work shares with its companion piece,|
The modern piano has a much longer sustain time than the , so that a steady application of the sustain pedal creates a dissonant sound.